Sunday, September 2, 2012

S. Korean Updates: MOE constructing ecological area for sound city ecosystem

MOE constructing ecological area for sound city ecosystem


The Ministry of Environment (MOE) is implementing a project constructing an ecological area to ensure soundness of city ecosystem. It is expected that the area be a distinguishing space as the biological habitat, differentiated from existing inner city parks.

The project aims to create various habitats such as wetland, grassland and forest for enhancement of biodiversity in the cities and to secure stability of habitats through space separation and circulation system planning, according to UNESCO’s MAB Programme.

By ensuring connectivity between the city and the surrounding nature, city’s ecological center will be constructed and ecological base will be restored, introducing native endemic species. In order to adapt to climate changes including urban heat island and natural disasters, specific technologies will be applied and be used as test bed for new restoration technology and as monitoring site for climate change.

A plan to utilize the area as participatory space for citizens by having the residents involve in the construction and the management is also mapped out.

For the project, MOE has been conducting surveys and assessment on the candidate cities since the beginning of this year and selected three places in Seoul, Busan and Daegu based on the contest result for basic designs.

The construction plan per selected place is as follows:

1) Junggye-dong, Nowon-gu, Seoul (67,761) - Mountain ecological restoration project restoring the forest ecosystem and mountain streams
The place is bordering the apartment complexes and damages are caused from cultivation, abandoned orchard, wastes and artificial mountain streams.
a. Restore ecological forest by recovering the orchard, farmland and bare land and ensure connectivity between surround forests and promote natural succession.
b. Secure habitats and enhance sound water cycle by recovering artificial mountain streams ecologically and by creating wetlands.    

2) Yongho-dong, Nam-gu, Busan (77,536) - Seaside ecological restoration project linking the sea, land and forest
The place used to be Hansen's disease residential area in the past and has been neglected and left barren since the demolition.
a. Restore deteriorated geographical features and isolated water system and introduce endemic species that are apt to maritime forest characteristics.
b. Create various habitats including forest, flatland, mountain stream and wetland and run programs linking the excellent coastal scenery and modern culture.   

3) Bullo-dong, Dong-gu, Daegu (88,058) – Flat land restoration project linking history and culture
The place has been neglected and remained in mixed status of scattered Silla tombs complex, farmland, grassland and wetland.
a. Divide the area in three sections considering the scattered tombs and carry out restoration activities adequate to the ecological features.
b. Build ecological field trip course linking and utilizing history and culture, beautiful grassland scenery and existing Ollegil (walking trail) in Palgongsan.

- Rendering of each Area -
Nowon-gu, Seoul

Nam-gu, Busan

Dong-gu, Daegu

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