The privatization of water supply and wastewater systems, together with institutional restructuring of governance – through decentralization and the penetration of global firms in local and regional markets – have been promoted as solutions to increase economic efficiency and achieve universal water supply and sanitation coverage. Yet a significant share of service provision and water resources development remains the responsibility of public authorities. The chapters in this book – with case evidence from Argentina, Chile, France, the USA, and other countries – address critical questions that dominate the international agenda on public versus private utilities, service provision, regulations, and resource development. This book presents varied perspectives – largely complementary but at times contrasting – on public and private governance of water. Public authority in general is being reasserted over service provision, while resource development and investments in infrastructure continue as a mix of public and private initiatives. But more important, increased oversight and regulation of market-based initiatives that until recently were touted as panaceas for water supply and sanitation are increasingly being reconsidered on the basis of social equity, environmental, and public health concerns.
This book was based on the special issue of Water International.
1. Has water privatization peaked? The future of public water governance 2. Changing paradigms in water and sanitation services in Argentina: towards a sustainable model? 3. The remunicipalization of Parisian water services: new challenges for local authorities and policy implications 4. A pragmatic approach to multiple water use coordination in Chile 5. Hydroelectric power generation in Chile: an institutional critique of the neutrality of market mechanisms 6. The global commodification of wastewater 7. The role of the public and private sectors in water provision in Arizona, USA 8. Virtual water hegemony: the role of agribusiness in global water governance 9. D. Kumar response to Sojama et al and rebuttal D. Kumar 10. Private sector participation in water service provision: the eye opener to governance gaps 11. Privatization and water service provision in the United States: a recommendation for expanded oversight and the development and adoption of best practices 12. Access to water in a Nairobi slum: women's work and institutional learning 13. Basic issues revisited and experiences in the provision of water for all 14. Intermittent water supplies: challenges and opportunities for residential water users in Jordan 15. Conclusion: Public and private governance of water: outlook and lessons learned
Christopher Scott is an interdisciplinary scholar focusing on global-change adaptation and social-ecological resilience with emphasis on the water-energy nexus, urbanization, river-basin water resource assessments, and climate and water policy. His applied research on water policy focuses on infrastructure and the built environment, resource planning for urban water supply, water reuse, and agriculture, with particular attention to groundwater.
Bernard de Gouvello works at the intersection of water resources and policy, and has ample experience in Europe and Latin America. He has gained international recognition for his research and publications on municipal water reforms, privatization, and public governance.