Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Vietnamese Updates: Conservation and development of coral reefs in Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa) (4 Feb 2013)

Conservation and development of coral reefs in Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa)

Thứ hai, ngày 04 tháng 02 năm 2013 cập nhật lúc 02:21

According to the survey
 results conducted by Coral Working Group Subcommittee of the project Global Environment Facility (GEF), Vietnam has about 1.222km2 coral reefs, which are widely distributed from north to south, with a largest area of high biological diversity in the Central and South Vietnam. Studies of coral has recorded nearly 400 species of coral reefs in the Gulf of Nha Trang, Ninh Thuan, and Con Dao. According to scientists, based on the number of coral species that has been discovered, the group can confirm that Vietnam's coral species belong to the most diverse coral group in the world.

In Nha Trang alone, there are around 340 coral species, accounting for about 40% of the world's coral species. Coral reefs here are of international importance and the highest biodiversity of its kind in Vietnam. Despite economic development pressure, Nha Trang retains some intact coral reefs of Vietnam. However, coral reefs are facing many threats by overexploitation and environmental pollution.

In order to manage, protect and develop the biodiversity in Nha Trang Bay, in which the most important is coral reefs, Khanh Hoa province has established the Hon Mun Marine Protected Area (MPA) in 2001. This protected area covers an area of about 160 km2, including 38 km2 of land and 122 km2 of sea surface. This is the first marine protected area of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The goal of the MPA is to protect marine biodiversity and help communities in the island to improve their living condition and with other stakeholders to protect and effectively manage marine biodiversity of Nha Trang Bay and made models of MPA management with the participation of the people in Vietnam.

Recently, the People's Committee of Khanh Hoa Province has selected two Studies on building artificial reefs in Nha Trang Bay to perform in 2013 with the desire to protect fisheries and renewable sources and restore coral site for tourism.

The first study was to create artificial reef types in accordance with the natural conditions, the environment and fishery resources in the waters of Nha Trang Bay. Thereby it will provide the scientific basis for artificial reefs to the local manager selection and application of the model to protect the lobsters in the wild and aquatic resources, ecosystems, and habitats of other marine creatures.

This study is being funded with an estimated amount of 900 million from the science fund and will be completed in two years, with the requirements set out for the scientists to select the appropriate location, the design for 2 - 3 types of artificial suitable management model. This model will be the basis for the replication and installation of artificial reefs in Nha Trang Bay, to meet the above objectives.

The second study is determined to be deployed in Cape Bang Thang, Northwest of Hon Tre, Nha Trang Bay with the goal of establishing artificial reefs associated with reef restoration, landscaping for diving and minimize waves in beaches of Nha Trang Bay. The funding for this study is estimated at about 950 million and will also be completed in two years from 2013. Khanh Hoa Department of Science and Technology will implement necessary steps to select units and individuals to perform the above two studies.

Mai Chi


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