Sunday, August 18, 2013

Vietnamese Updates: Vietnam faced many barriers in clean production (14 Aug 2013)

Vietnam faced many barriers in clean production 
Thứ tư, ngày 14 tháng 08 năm 2013 cập nhật lúc 23:38

Clean production is considered as an effective method to help businesses increase competitive position by reducing production costs. However, in Vietnam nowadays, converting into the direction of cleaner production is not easy. Survey results on the level of manufacturing technology of businesses in the city showed that, there are more than 40% of businesses owning outdated manufacturing technology. There are only 1% of businesses owning modern manufacturing technology. The rest reached the average level of manufacturing technology.

Benefits of clean production
According to Dr. Nguyen Duy Binh, in order to achieve the requirements of clean production , businesses need to apply new technical solutions, creative designs and innovative products, focus on the manufacturing process, encourage applying eco-industry, etc.. To achieving it, businesses have to spend a significant cost in improving manufacturing equipment systems. This cost can be reimbursed through cost savings during the production process, but it takes quite a long time. However, the greatest benefits that business obtains during the implementation of clean production not only help businesses reduce the cost of production, deal with environmental pollution, but also contribute to improving the reputation of businesses in the local social community by avoiding violations of the law on environmental protection. It also helps increase profits and competitiveness of products in the market. It has a special meaning during the time that economy is facing many difficulties at present.

Furthermore, when applying clean production, businesses also have the opportunity to access financial resources from the priority programs of the government as well as international organizations. For example, Vietnam Environmental Protection Fund of (VEPF) will give businesses loans with preferential interest rates if they have plans to deploy clean and environmentally friendly technologies.

Barriers to cleaner Production in Vietnam
Cleaner production has been popular in Vietnam since the 90s of the last century with the establishment of Vietnam Center for Clean production and efforts of various donors such as Sweden, Canada, Denmark, etc. Clean production has been performed in hundreds of manufacturing facilities, its benefits have been proven in practice and propagandized on the mass media; however, the spread of cleaner production is not good as expected.

Until now, many small and medium enterprises in Vietnam have also realized the benefits that clean production brings to them, but they cannot go on to clean  production due to many barriers in capital, lack of information and professional knowledge of issues on manufacturing technology. Moreover, businesses’ awareness of environmental protection and the law on environmental protection are not fairly clear and consistent.

In addition, domestic and foreign experts said that, there are factors to be considered as barriers of Cleaner Production in Vietnam. These barriers can be classified into four major types: state policy, motives of production facilities, technical barriers and barriers to management.

Accordingly, the type of barriers attracts the most attention is the management barriers, including corporate culture, the accordance of cleaner production to the management methods of Vietnam, and management skills of the business owner.

An investigation to determine whether it is true and if it is a barrier, which solutions should be taken to overcome what has been carried out. The survey result showed that, managers need to apply the method to increase pressure from the authorities in order to overcome this barrier. Simultaneously, it is necessary to build a team of consultants with prestige and capacity to support business in transformation. Thus, business could invest in changing methods and manufacturing technology towards the direction that are more beneficial to the living environment.

Mai Chi


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